Some audiology test results will be written on a chart called an audiogram. Hearing is measured in volume (loudness) and frequency (whether it’s a high or low pitch). The audiogram shows how loud a sound has to be, and at what frequency, before the child or adult can hear it.
Reading the audiogram
The vertical line of the audiogram represents the volume, which is measured in decibels (dB). Minus 20 dB at the top represents the quietest sound it’s possible to hear, getting gradually louder the further down the line you go.
The horizontal line across the bottom of the audiogram represents sound frequency, which is measured in Hertz (Hz). To give an idea of what this means, a low note on a piano keyboard has a low frequency and a high note has a high frequency.
Sound frequency increases gradually from left to right, with between 500 Hz and 4,000 Hz representing the most commonly used range during conversation.
The results are recorded using Os for the right ear and Xs for the left.
Definitions of the levels of hearing loss vary slightly between organisations but according to the British Society of Audiology, ‘hearing loss’ is defined as a loss of 20 dB or more in either or both ears, and can further be categorised, depending on the degree of decibel loss, as follows:
Mild – 20 to 40 dB
Moderate – 41 to 70 dB
Severe – 71 to 95 dB
Profound – greater than 95 dB
For information and support on hearing tests and diagnosis, contact the National Deaf Children’s Society Freephone Helpline on 0808 800 8880.
Here’s a guide to the volume of everyday sounds in decibels:
25 dB Leaves rustling
30 dB A whisper
40 dB A fridge humming
60 dB Normal conversation
80 dB Average city traffic
110 dB Chainsaw/rock concert
120 dB Ambulance siren
150 dB Firecracker
The locations of sound on this chart are approximations. The specific pitch of the human voice differs amongst men, women, and children. Variations in distances between listeners and speakers may affect the perceived intensity. This chart is adapted from information provided by the American Academy of Audiology.
What to do now!
Why not speak to one of our hearing implant recipients? They know what you’re going through and can answer your questions.